Dengue symptoms, aetiology, therapy, platelet count, and recovery are all discussed in this section. Disease (DENG-gey) seems to be a mosquito-borne infection that is mostly found in tropical and subtropical regions of the globe. Dengue fever is often associated with high body temperature and flu-like symptoms. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a severe type of dengue fever that may result in significant bleeding, a decrease in BP (shock), and death.
Dengue Infection Treatment
Dengue fever seems to be an infection that is caused by dengue viruses that are spread to humans by mosquitoes. Dengue fever became a critical worldwide problem as its prevalence has increased. What was the illness’s name, since when was the first reported case of dengue fever?
Dengue therapy may take a number of forms. What are dengue fever’s indications and symptoms? Can it be possible to do away with it? We’ll examine the answers to all these questions in this section.
Dengue Fever Facts – The World Health Organization believes that around 50 million people have dengue fever each year, but some studies say the figure could be as high as 100 million. Dengue fever is a serious flu-like sickness that is characterised by a high temperature, severe headache, and severe muscle and joint pain. Dengue fever is a sickness from which the majority of individuals recover.
Symptoms of Dengue
Dengue fever is a disease that affects around 2.5 and 3 billion people worldwide, the most of whom reside in tropical, metropolitan parts of Southeast Asia, Africa, the Americas, and the Pacific (Figure 1). Every year, severe dengue fever, a more serious form of the illness, hospitalises around 500,000 individuals, the most of them children. Serious dengue fever killed more than 5% of patients in certain parts of the globe. Dengue fever is more prevalent in urban areas than in rural regions. Dengue infections, on the other hand, are growing in rural regions.
Dengue Fever: What Are the Symptoms and Signs? Dengue fever presents with a wide range of symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. Dengue virus infection in babies and young children causes modest high fever and rashes all around their body, but no additional dengue symptoms. Others exhibit no symptoms or warning signs at all.
Symptoms of Dengue Fever
Adults and older children can suffer mild similar symptoms to those listed earlier, or they may develop characteristic dengue symptoms such as with a high fever lasting two to seven days, serious muscle, bone, and joint pain, irritation in behind eyes, nausea, severe headaches and vomiting, and a rash. Dengue fever is characterised by a two-peak fever response. The patient’s body temperature is quite high in the outset of the condition, but progressively drops before suddenly rising again.
Additional symptoms of dengue fever have included a reduction in white blood cell count and a deficiency of blood platelets. Skin haemorrhages (bleeding under the skin’s surface) may manifest as red or purple patches on the body in dengue fever patients. Dengue fever also may result in skin, mouth, and nose bleeding. Dengue fever recovery may take weeks or months, and patients may experience fatigue and depression during this time.
Four viruses cause dengue fever: DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4. Whenever a mosquito bites an infected person, the virus is passed on to the mosquito. When a healthy person is bitten, the virus can enter the individual’s bloodstream and spread the sickness.
When a patient recovers from such a virus, he or she becomes immune to that particular virus but not to the other three. Whether you have Dengue fever for the second, third, or fourth time, you have a greater chance of developing severe Dengue fever, also called Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever.
Platelets & Count for Dengue
Dengue Fever Diagnosis – A blood test may diagnose dengue illness by looking again for virus or resistance against it. Consult your physician if you get ill after visiting a tropical place. This will aid your doctor in identifying whether or not your symptoms are caused by a dengue infection.
Dengue Fever Treatment – There is no particular treatment for dengue fever. If you suspect dengue fever, take acetaminophen-based pain medications rather than aspirin-based pain medications, which may induce bleeding. Additionally, you should get appropriate rest, consume plenty of water, and consult your physician. If you begin to feel sicker during the first 24 hours afterwards your fever has subsided, get emergency medical attention.
Preventing Dengue Fever – The best approach to avoid contracting the illness is to avoid mosquito bites, particularly if you live in or visiting a tropical zone. This entails taking precautions and attempting to control mosquito populations. Dengvaxia, the dengue vaccine, was licenced by the FDA in 2019 to help prevent illness in youth ages 9 to 16 who have earlier been affected with dengue fever.
When is it required to consult a physician?
Dengue fever is a medical emergency that can be life-threatening. Symptoms include stomach pain, vomiting, breathing difficulty, blood through your nose, vomit, gums or faeces. If you’ve lately been to a known dengue fever hotspot, have a fever, or have developed any one of the warning symptoms, get medical assistance immediately.
Consult your doctor if you’ve recently travelled and also have a fever and moderate dengue fever symptoms.
Vaccination against dengue fever for dengue therapy
Sanofi Pasteur developed the very first dengue vaccine, Dengvaxia® (CYD-TDV), which was approved by regulatory authorities in December 2015 in 20 countries. In November 2017, the results of a supplementary inquiry to determine serostatus at the period of vaccination were released. In comparison to unvaccinated persons, the category of research participants who have been presumed to also be seronegative at the time of first immunisation had a higher risk of severe dengue and dengue-related hospitalizations. As a consequence, the vaccine is indicated for individuals aged 9 to 45 who reside in dengue-endemic areas and have had at minimum one verified dengue virus infection in the past.
If you engage in any of following activities, you increase your risk of contracting dengue fever or the more severe version of the disease:
You can live in tropical places or visit them. Dengue fever is more prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions. The western Pacific islands, Southest Asia, Africa, and Latin America are all at danger.
You’ve previously got dengue fever. If you’ve already had dengue fever, you’re more likely to get it again and also have severe symptoms.
As a consequence of a severe dengue infection, internal bleeding with organ destruction may ensue. If blood pressure falls dangerously low, shock may result. Dengue fever may be fatal in rare cases.
If a woman has dengue fever while pregnant, her child may get the disease after birth. Infants born to mothers who may have dengue fever while pregnant are much more likely to be delivered prematurely, with a low birth weight, or with foetal distress.
Dengue prevention and treatment
Someone aged 9 to 45 whose had dengue fever at minimum once is recommended to get one dengue fever vaccine (Dengvaxia) in an area where the disease is prevalent. The vaccine is administered in 3 doses over the course of a year.
The vaccination is only accessible to those with a documented history of dengue fever or who have had a blood test confirming past infection with one of dengue viruses (known as seropositivity). Immunization seems to improve the risk of serious dengue fever and hospitalisation due to dengue fever in individuals who’ve never had the disease before (seronegative).
Dengvaxia is not accessible to tourists or continental United States citizens. The US Food and Drug Administration licenced the vaccine in 2019 for children and adolescents aged 9 to 16 who have previously had dengue fever and reside in the US territory of American Samoa, Puerto Rice, Guam or the US Virgin Islands, wherever dengue fever is prevalent.
Time for Dengue Mosquito Bite
This is possible to avoid mosquito bites in order to cure dengue fever.
According to the World Health Organization, vaccination is ineffective in places where dengue disease is already prevalent. Dengue fever management is still most successful when mosquito bites are avoided and mosquito numbers are reduced.
Consider the following precautions if you reside in or want to visit an area in which dengue fever is prevalent:
- Stay in a well-ventilated or air-conditioned room. Dengue fever-transmitting mosquitoes are most active between dawn and dusk, however they may strike at any time.
- Put on some protective gear. Dress in long-sleeved shirts, long trousers, socks, and shoes while visiting mosquito-infested locations.
- It is suggested that you use repellent against mosquitoes. Clothes, footwear, camping equipment, and bed nets may all be treated with permethrin. Additionally, you may purchase permethrin-treated clothes. Utilize a repellent on your body that has at least 10% DEET.
Mosquito habitats should be reduced. Dengue-carrying mosquitoes are frequently found in and near dwellings, where they breed in standing water that accumulates in things such as old automobile tyres. By eradicating mosquito breeding areas, you may contribute to the reduction of mosquito populations. Empty and clean items that contain stagnant water, like potted plants, animal trays, and flower vases, should be emptied at minimum once a week. Between cleanings, cover standing water containers.
Dengue Infection Treatment?
Dengue fever is a virus, and there is no specific therapy or cure. Early treatment may be effective based on the intensity of the illness. Dengue fever may well be treated in a number of different ways. Patients are often prescribed pain medications such as Tylenol or paracetamol. IV treatments may be used to supplement therapy in situations of severe dehydration.
Maintain hydration: Vomiting and a fever cause the bulk of our bodily fluids to be lost. If fluids are ingested on a regular basis, then the body will not easily dehydrate.
Hygiene is critical, even more so when you are ill. In the absence of a normal bath, the patient may use a sponge bath. To the bathing water, add a small amount of disinfectant liquid, such as Dettol. It’s really a good idea to wipe your hands with a hand sanitizer such as Dettol before and after seeing a patient inside the hospital. To eliminate germs from the patient’s clothing, sterilise the water used to wash it with Dettol.
Dengue Fever is a potentially fatal infection.
Dengue fever, which will be more deadly than typical dengue therapy, may be caused by the dengue virus. Although severe dengue fever has similar early symptoms to mild dengue fever, severe cases have a far greater fatality rate. Severe disease fever, like dengue fever, is characterised by a high temperature, haemorrhage, and a lower white blood cell count. And what’s the difference between dengue fever and severe dengue?
The most common symptom for severe dengue is capillary blood plasma loss. This leakage happens between 24 and 48 hours just after a patient’s fever has subsided, a time period referred to by physicians as the crucial phase. Dengue fever patients recover when their fever subsides. Dengue patients with severe cases, on the other hand, suffer. If plasma exits its circulatory system in people with severe dengue fever, fluids may gather in body cavities. Plasma leakage may be discovered by examining the blood for an unusually low protein concentration and a higher-than-normal red blood cell count. Excessive bleeding is another indication of acute dengue. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a digestive disorder that affects both stomach and intestines.