Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment of Havana Syndrome

The Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment of Havana Syndrome will be described in this section. A group of Americans working at the embassy in Havana, Cuba, initially showed symptoms of Havana syndrome in late 2016, when they came into contact with these devastating illnesses. Over the following year, American embassies worldwide reported identical symptoms.

Syndrome de Havana

Researchers discovered in their paper on Havana syndrome that although the ailment was previously disregarded as mass hysteria or a response to psychosomatic variables such as stress, the researchers assert that microwave weaponry may be to blame. It is believed that the majority of diplomats, intelligence officials, military members, and their direct family stationed overseas who have reported this ailment exhibit symptoms consistent with concussion or minor brain injury.

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Several US officials have reported experiencing symptoms while on US territory. Havana syndrome has impacted about 130 persons globally to date. Not only are the symptoms unpleasant, but certain aftereffects seem to endure for an extended period of time after the occurrences.

What is your definition of Havana Syndrome?

Irritation may cause headaches, nausea, vertigo, dizziness, and vomiting, which can leave you with head discomfort and a sense of foreboding. Several victims claimed being struck by an unseen wave, as if blasted by an explosion. Havana Syndrome is a rare and potentially fatal medical illness that has been researched by physicians, scientists, intelligence organisations, and government officials. Rumors and speculations circulate around the incident until a conclusive explanation is offered.

Treatment of Havana Syndrome

Whether deliberate or a covert surveillance operation, some feel it is an adversary’s aim. According to a victim, the encounter often started with a sound, which they may or not be able to explain as “buzzing,” “grinding metal,” or “piercing squeals.”

THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES CONCLUDES IN A REUTERS REPORT THAT “directed, pulsed radiofrequency radiation” is one of the likely causes of the condition. Yet, we are still a long way from having concrete evidence upon which to base definitive claims.

Causes and origins of the Havana Syndrome

Diplomats and other government personnel started reporting odd bodily sensations and heard high- and low-pitched noises after visiting the US embassy in Cuba. They then proceeded to narrate this bizarre occurrence to the public. After decades of enmity, the United States and Cuba restored diplomatic relations in 2015. THE AMERICAN EMBASSY, ON THE OTHER HAND, was closed two years later owing to staff members being compelled to depart due to health difficulties.

Following that occurrence, US government personnel in China and the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area have reported experiencing identical symptoms. This medical enigma takes its name in Cuba’s capital, where the earliest reports of neurological symptoms for this medical mystery originated. Cuba asserts that it is unaware of the ailment.

Symptoms of the Havana syndrome

Diplomats dispatched to Syria in late 2016 heard a loud, piercing sound and felt extreme pressure in their faces. Severe symptoms including such nausea, dizziness, and pain ensued.

Despite the fact that the music ultimately stopped, several of the afflicted persons had difficulty focusing, as well as persistent discomfort and dizziness for many days thereafter. Their illnesses were so severe that they were unable to conduct their usual tasks throughout the deployment time.

It was stated that many intelligence professionals and military members suffered from symptoms such as bewilderment, nausea, and disorientation in the years that followed. These symptoms often occur as a result of an abrupt onset of discomfort or tension in the head or ears. Additionally, many reported difficulties focusing, brain fog, memory issues, light sensitivity, and sleep-related difficulties (drowsiness, insomnia, and fatigue).

Long-term consequences of Havana syndrome include the following:

  • Migraine
  • Problèmes de vision à distance
  • Squinting
  • Recurrent vertigo symptoms
  • Nose bleeding

There is no indication that any employees reported a head injury or any prior disorders that resulted in these symptoms. However, specialists observe that the overall symptoms are comparable to those experienced by patients who have had a brain injury.

Could Havana syndrome have a cause?

Initially, doctors assumed that Havana syndrome was caused by exposure to a harmful chemical, pesticide, or medicine, either unintentionally or purposefully. However, no indications of such agents were discovered in the afflicted individuals or their residences.

The most probable cause of Havana syndrome is a mechanical instrument that emits ultrasonic or microwave energy:

  • Microbubbles may form inside a person’s ear fluid as a result of radiofrequency radiation exposure using highly specialised bio-weaponry. As air bubbles pass through the bloodstream, they may form minute air emboli, which can cause damage to brain cells. The symptoms are very similar to those associated with decompression sickness (which occurs when deep-sea divers surface too early after diving).
  • Alternatively, radiofrequency waves might enter the skull directly, interrupting electrical and chemical processes in the brain and rewiring certain neuronal circuits. It is possible that this rewiring is what causes the symptoms to seem so severe and may have long-lasting implications.

All patients are still alive, despite the fact that Havana syndrome is disabling but not deadly.

How long have the symptoms lasted?

The majority of persons who had these symptoms healed after seeking medical assistance. However, since some of the individuals involved in the affair were CIA personnel, the NSA is unlikely to divulge any details about them. As a consequence, some patients with Havana Syndrome may have been affected for a longer length of time than others.

How is the Havana syndrome treated?

Affected people have lighter tissue in colour than healthy ones, as shown by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans (which contain bundles of myelinated nerve fibers). These data provide credence to the hypothesis that Havana syndrome is a condition characterised by generic and incomprehensible abnormalities in brain structure and function.

Modalities of alternative treatment such as art therapy, meditation, breathing exercises, and acupuncture are used to manage the disorder.

The outcomes of a rehabilitation programme that include exercises that target particular neurological processes and are administered in one-hour sessions have been mixed, but further study is required. Each session includes a cognitive exercise, a balance workout, and an orthoptic exercise, as well as repeating complicated motions of the upper and lower limbs and balancing exercises.


We reviewed Havana Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments in this section. Read the whole article to learn how to treat it more effectively.